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Fusarium


Fusarium                 Print PDF

Natural Habitat

  • Soil
  • Plant pathogen causing root rot, stem rot, and wilt of many ornamental and crop plants.

Suitable Substrates in the Indoor Environment

  • Often found in humidifiers
  • wet, cellulose-based building materials

Water Activity

  • Aw=0.86-0.91

Mode of Dissemination

  • Insects
  • Water droplets, rain
  • Wind when spores become dry

Allergenic Potential

  • Type I allergies (hay fever, asthma)

Potential Opportunist or Pathogen

  • Esophageal cancer is believed to happen after consumption of F. moniliforme infected corn
  • Keratitis
  • Endophthalmitis
  • Onychomycosis
  • Cutaneous infections
  • Mycetoma
  • Sinusitis
  • Pulmonary infections
  • Endocarditis
  • Peritonitis
  • Central venous catheter infections
  • Septic arthritis
  • Neurological disease in horses after consumption of F. moniliforme infected corn
  • Respiratory disease in pigs after consumption of F. moniliforme infected corn

Industrial Uses

  • Biological Weapon

Potential Toxins Produced

  • Trichothecenes
  • Zearalenone
  • Fumonisins

Other Comments

  • Major plant pathogen

References

  • Atlas of Moulds in Europe causing respiratory Allergy, Foundation for Allergy Research in Europe, Edited by Knud Wilken-Jensen and Suzanne Gravesen, ASK Publishing, Denmark, 1984