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Smuts                      Print PDF

Natural Habitat

  • Pathogens of cereals crops, corn, grasses, onion, and sorghum

Suitable Substrates in the Indoor Environment

  • Unknown- smut fungi require a living plant host for growth

Mode of Dissemination

  • Wind
  • Rain
  • Shoes
  • Mowers

Allergenic Potential

Type I. (hay fever, asthma)

Potential Opportunist or Pathogen

  • Unknown

Industrial Uses

  • Galls of Ustilago maydis are considered a delicacy and are known in Mexico as "Huitlacoche" and in the U.S.A. as "maize mushroom", "Mexican truffles" or "caviar azteca"

Potential Toxins Produced

  • Unknown

Other Comments

  • Smut fungi belong to the order Ustilaginales and there are about 4000 known species